Manifest Technology
        Making Sense of Digital Media Technology
        By Douglas Dixon


 
  BLOG
  ARTICLES
 - PC Video
 - Web Media
 - DVD & CD
 - Portable Media
 - Digital
     Imaging
 - Wireless
     Media
 - Home Media
 - Technology
     & Society
  GALLERIES
 - Video - DVD
 - Portable
  TECHNICAL
     RESOURCES
  ABOUT
 - What's New
<< HOME 

 

  HOME DIGITAL MEDIA ARTICLES

  Manifest Technology Blog -- Site: | Articles | Galleries | Resources | DVI Tech | About | Site Map |
    Articles: | PC Video | Web Media | DVD & CD | Portable Media | Digital Imaging | Wireless Media | Home Media | Tech & Society |
    Home Media: | Home Media Articles | Home Networked Media Gallery |

3D - The Next Dimension  (11/2010)

Part 2 - Using 3D: Products, Shooting, Editing

    by Douglas Dixon


Are you ready for 3D? Have you enjoyed 3D movies? Interested in enjoying 3D movies or games at home? Or intrigued by the possibilities of shooting, creating, and sharing your own 3D pictures and videos?

The consumer electronics industry is ready to help out, with 3D HDTVs, 3D Blu-ray Disc players, and 3D video games -- Plus early cameras, camcorders, and lenses for shooting your own 3D material. Even better, software tools are becoming available to create your own 3D images and video -- and you can get started at minimal cost with your existing equipment.

This article and associated presentation explores these possibilities from two viewpoints:

  • Seeing 3D: Discusses the 3D market, and explores the history, technology, and formats for stereo viewing
  • Using 3D: Explores 3D TV and PC products for the home, cameras for 3D shooting, and software for 3D editing

  Seeing 3D: Market, Technology, Formats
 Using 3D: Products, Shooting, Editing

(See my Digital Media Galleries for more on trends and sample products in these categories)


-> Part 1 - Seeing 3D: Market, Technology, Formats

Discusses the 3D market, and explores the history, technology, and formats for stereo viewing


Top


3D TV - In the Living Room


3D TV and Content Delivery for the Home

These new 3D TV systems typically use active shutter glasses, battery-powered units with LCDs that open and block each eye in sync with the display as triggered by the emitter box. These are rather expensive (around $100 or more), in comparison to the simple cardboard polarized 3D glasses typically used for movies. Or you can do even simpler 3D on existing displays with the familiar red/blue (Anaglyph) 3D glasses, in which the stereo images are overlaid in the two colors.

Then to deliver the 3D content, the Blu-ray Disc Association has defined the Blu-ray 3D format for Full HD 3D, and the updated HDMI 1.4 cable format supports 3D video for home movies and gaming.

  • Unlike HDTV, no broadcast 3D standard for first products
  • 3D Blu-ray in best position
    • Possible to support with firmware update (Sony PS3)
  • Also support though cable services: DirecTV

  Panasonic Full HD 3D System

And where's the 3D content? Interestingly, packaged media is leading the way, as the Blu-ray Disc Association released the “Blu-ray 3D” specification in December. This provides for Full HD 1080p high definition resolution for each eye, and supports graphics features including 3D menus and subtitles.

Next, there's cable and satellite distribution. The DirecTV service announced plans for several new 3D channels, as have providers including the Discovery Networks and ESPN. However, it's not clear what associated set-top boxes will be required for delivering these new satellite or cable signals.

References:


Sony BRAVIA 3D HDTVs

As an example, the Sony holiday line of BRAVIA 3D HDTVs range from 40 to 60 inch displays, priced from $2099 to $4999 (reduced to $1349 to $4499). These are both Full HD 1080p models. The 60" set includes 3D glasses, while the 40" set is "3D ready," requiring separate glasses ($399) and wireless transmitter ($49). Sony is also selling the 3D accessories in bundles with a 3D Blu-ray movie.

BRAVIA 3D HDTV - 40, 46, 52, 55, 60 in. displays
  • 40" BRAVIA HX800 Series 3D HDTV
    • Full HD 1080p with 3D (3D ready)
    • Dynamic Edge LED backlight, Motionflow PRO 240Hz refresh
    • BRAVIA Internet Video, DLNA Certified
    • 37 1/2 x 24 1/4 x 9 7/8 in. (952 x 613 x 250 mm),
         36.2 lbs. (16.4kg) with pedestal
    • 11/10 - $2099 -> reduced - $1349 (Model KDL-40HX800)
  • 60" BRAVIA LX900 Series 3D HDTV
    • Full HD 1080p with 3D built-in (active glasses included)
    • Edge LED backlit, Motionflow PRO 240Hz refresh
    • BRAVIA Internet Video/Widgets, built-in Wi-Fi
    • 56 3/4 x 37 x 15 in. (1440 x 938 x 380 mm),
         109.7 lbs. (49.8kg) with pedestal
    • 11/10 - $4999 -> reduced $4499 (Model XBR-60LX900)
Sony 3D Accessories
  • 3D Active Glasses [Standard and Small Sizes] - $149
    • Adjustable frames for customized fit
    • Block out distracting room light
    • Battery up to 100 hours (TDG-BR100/B)
  • 3D Sync Transmitter - $49
    • Delivers strong 3D signal for wider viewing and minimized interference (TMR-BR100)
  • 3D Deluxe Starter Kit - $399
    • Two pairs of 3D active glasses, 3D sync transmitter
    • Disney Alice in Wonderland 3D Blu-ray Disc, 6'4" HDMI cable
    • $ 399 (3DBNDL/ALICE)

Find the Sony 40" BRAVIA HX800 3D HDTV and
Sony 3D Deluxe Starter Kit on Amazon.com

Top


Blu-ray 3D

New (or upgraded) Blu-ray 3D players then are required to play movies on 3D discs. Not surprisingly, this capability is being introduced in top-of-the-line players, and should then migrate across the product lines as a standard feature. It is also possible to upgrade the firmware of at least some recent Blu-ray players to support the new format.

  • Blu-ray 3D - 3D in Full HD - 1080p high definition resolution
  • Backward compatibility with current 2D Blu-ray players
    • Supports playback of 2D discs in forthcoming 3D players
    • Enables 2D playback of Blu-ray 3D discs on existing Blu-ray Disc players
  • Display agnostic, deliver 3D image to any compatible 3D display
  • Encoded with Multiview Video Coding (MVC) codec
    • Extension to H.264 AVC codec supported by all Blu-ray Disc players
    • Compresses both left and right eye views with a typical 50% overhead
  • Includes enhanced graphic features for 3D
    • Navigation using 3D graphic menus, 3D subtitles
  • Blu-ray Disc Association (BDA), 12/09

Multiview Video Coding (MVC), the new encoding format used for Blu-ray 3D, is an extension of the familiar AVC / H.264 format already used in Blu-ray, and typically adds around 50 percent overhead for a second stereo frame.

References:

Sony PlayStation 3

For example, the Sony PlayStation 3 now supports Blu-ray 3D through system software update 3.50, as of September 2010. The PS3 supports Full HD 3D televisions with compatible 3D active glasses and Highspeed HDMI cable. The PS 3 is now available with PS3 320 GB hard drive for $349 and 160 GB for $299.

Known limitations include different display of 3D elements such as menus and subtitle, and playback issues with some BD-J (Blu-ray Disc Java) features such as BONUSVIEW and BD-Live.

 
  The Sony Playstation 3 now supports Blu-ray 3D

Find the Sony PlayStation 3 on Amazon.com

Top


HDMI 1.4 Cables

Then how do you connect these sources to a 3D display? The Blu-ray 3D format is "display agnostic," in that it does not define the technology used to display the video.

The HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) cable interface was designed to replace the tangle of video and audio cables between TVs and player devices with single digital cable, which can carry uncompressed digital audio and video. The new HDMI 1.4 interface specification then adds support for transmitting common 3D formats and resolutions. (Some interim connections also support pushing the new signals though older HDMI 1.3 interfaces.)

  
  HDMI High Speed (for 3D) - HDMI, Mini, and Micro Cables - HDMI Licensing, LLC

The updated HDMI 1.4 cable format supports 3D video for home movies and gaming. Even better, some 3D video formats can be piggybacked on existing devices like set-top boxes and existing cabling without requiring changing the entire infrastructure.

  • 3D Support - Includes major 3D video formats, for 3D home theater and gaming, up to 1080
    • Includes field / frame / line alternative, side-by-side half / full, L + depth / + gfx + gfx depth
  • HDMI Ethernet Channel – High-speed networking up to 100 Mb/sec. (no separate Ethernet cable)
    • Single HDMI cable supports video, audio, and data
  • 4K x 2KSupport – Higher video resolutions beyond 1080p, to rival Digital Cinema
  • HDMI Micro Connector – Smaller connector for portable devices (up to 1080p)
    • For devices including cell phones, portable media players, digital cameras
    • Still 19-pin, 50% smaller than HDMI Mini
HDMI Cable Types

HDMI 1.3 included Standard and High Speed cables, 1.4 adds Ethernet versions and Automotive for a total of five HDMI cable types.

  • Standard HDMI Cable - For home applications, to HD 720p / 1080i (2.25 Gbps)
  • High Speed HDMI Cable - For 1080p and beyond (10.2 Gbps), including 4K, 3D, and Deep Color
  • Standard HDMI Cable with Ethernet - Adds dedicated data channel
  • High Speed HDMI Cable with Ethernet
  • Automotive HDMI Cable - For internal cabling of vehicles equipped with onboard HD video systems

References:

Top


3D on PCs - On the Desktop


Beyond the TV, you also can enjoy 3D on the PC, for 3D games, and for movies on Blu-ray though updates to DVD player software from companies including CyberLink and Corel. Adding 3D to a PC requires a 3D-compatible display, compatible graphics card, and 3D glasses, such as the 3D Vision system from NVIDIA, starting at $199 for a pair of active LCD shutter glasses plus wireless emitter.

  • 3D Content on PCs (NVIDIA)
    • 3D Games - Transformative experience
    • 3D Movies - Blu-ray 3D (and HD) - Blu-ray player software: CyberLink, Corel
    • 3D Imaging - Consumer video and photography - View, edit, share
    • 3D on the Web - Streaming video, 3D worlds, photo sharing, social media, animated websites
    • Requires 3D-capable displays, graphics cards

  • 3D Gaming (NVIDIA)
    • NVIDIA has converted 500 games and applications to 3D
    • Graphics driver dual renders left and right eye view perspective
    • Display alternating frames on 120 Hz monitor, view with synchronized shutter glasses
    • Takes advantage of platform hardware updates, GPUs, software architectures
    • (Game consoles add 10-20 3D titles in 2010, have 5-year-old hardware)

Top


NVIDIA 3D Vision

Adding 3D to a PC requires a compatible graphics card with (GPU) chips, plus compatible 3D display or projector and associated 3D glasses.

For example, the NVIDIA 3D Vision system uses NVIDIA GeForce GPUs (Graphics Processor Units) for consumer 3D systems, and NVIDIA Quadro systems for design and animation professionals.

  • Wireless active shutter glasses for 120 Hz LCDs and DLP HDTVs
  • 3D Vision Bundle $598 - 3D Vision Kit and 3D Vision Ready Samsung LCD monitor.
  • GeForce 3D Vision Kit - $199 - Glasses, emitter, cables
  • Extra Glasses for 3D Vision - $149 - 1 pair of glasses and charging cable

  
   NVIDIA GeForce 3D Vision with glasses and wireless emitter

Compatible desktop monitors, notebooks, all-in-ones and projectors for NVIDIA 3D Vision include:

  • 3D Monitors (1680x1050): Samsung, Viewsonic
  • Full HD 3D Monitors (1920x1080): Acer, Dell/Alienware, ASUS, BenQ, LGE, NEC
  • 3D Notebooks: Toshiba, Acer, ASUS
  • 3D Projectors: Viewsonic, Acer, NEC, Optima

Find the NVIDIA GeForce 3D Vision Kit
and 3D Stereo Glasses on Amazon.com

Top


YouTube 3D Channel - 3D on the Web

The YouTube 3D Channel features videos stored in a side-by-side video format, which the YouTube player can then play back in a variety of display formats. For 3D video, set the display format using the drop-down 3D menu below the video player (next to the resolution menu).


  Aquarium 3D Video on YouTube
    Play on YouTube - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iWhmOPJXpSw

View with Anaglyph / Colored Glasses

YouTube can present 3D videos for several different colors of Anaglyph glasses. Try the black and white (B&W) or optimized options for videos containing strong primary colors. The optimized option balances between color fidelity and a good viewing experience.

  • Red / Cyan Glasses: Full Color, Optimized (Dubois), B&W (Most common)
  • Amber / Blue Glasses: Full Color, B&W
    • Distributed for half-time ads during Super Bowl 43 in 2009
  • Green / Magenta Glasses: Full Color, B&W
    • Included with some recent DVD releases (Coraline and Journey to the Center of the Earth)

View with No Glasses

You can also view 3D videos with no glasses by adjusting the focus of your eyes. Relax your gaze or cross your eyes until the two images merge. YouTube warns that this technique takes a little while to get right and isn't recommended for long viewing sessions as it may cause eye strain. You can also view 3D movies in 2D, by simply watching the video for one of the eyes.

  • Focus - Parallel, Cross-eyed
  • Mirror Split
  • 2D - Left / Right Image Only
Preparing 3D Videos for Uploading to YouTube

To prepare 3D videos for uploading to YouTube, use a video editing tool to import the left and right videos and combine them together side-by-side into a single frame. For best results, the combined image from the two videos should be 16:9 resolution. This will distort the original frames, but the aspect ratio will be corrected for playback.

Combining 3D frames for YouTube upload

References:

Top


Shooting 3D - Cameras


Creating 3D Content

So how do you create your own 3D content? The obvious answer is to use a 3D imaging device -- a 3D digital camera or 3D video camcorder, as shown below. But you can actually get started without needing any new equipment.

One nice shortcut is to generate 3D material from your existing 2D media, just as movie studios are converting existing 2D movies into 3D, and some 3D TVs can convert from 2D on the fly.

  • Use software to convert 2D to 3D - Use software tools like Roxio Creator 2011 (see below) to "dimensionalize" your existing 2D photos and even 2D videos into 3D.

Or, with some extra work you can shoot 3D with your existing equipment, either by using one camera to do double duty, or by using two cameras. Of course, this requires experimentation with both the setup and kinds of scenes for the best 3D results.

  • Shoot photo pairs with one camera - If stereo requires a pair of images of a scene with a slight offset, than use your camera to do exactly that -- take two shots of the scene, after shifting the camera horizontally between the two shots. Of course, this will only work well if the scene is static, and you control the exposure to match the two shots.
  • Shoot photos with a two camera rig - A better way to capture two associated images is then to use two cameras, positioned with a small horizontal offset. This works better with a tripod or rig to lock down the two cameras, and with matching cameras and settings You can even capture scenes in motion if you synchronize the shutters.
  • Shoot videos by panning one camcorder - You can capture slightly offset views of a scene with a video camera by panning the camera slowly. Each frame then is slightly offset from the previous frame. To convert to 3D, import into your video editor and lay out the same video clip on two tracks, one slightly offset from the other. Then merge the tracks (e.g., in the side-by-side format used by the YouTube 3D Channel (see above), composing them into a 3D movie. This works best using a tripod to stabilize the camera, and with relatively distant scenes so the panning rotation give the effect of a horizontal offset.
  • Shoot videos with a two camcorder rig - Similarly, you can shoot both streams of a stereo movie using a rig with two camcorders, even simple pocket camcorders like the Flip.

References:

Top


Fujifilm FinePix Real 3D W3 -- 3D Digital Camera

The Fujifilm FinePix Real 3D W3 is a 3D digital camera with two separate 10-megapixel CCD sensors and dual FUJINON 3x optical zoom lenses (35-105mm) that are spaced 75 mm apart to create realistic images that are similar to how human eyes see them. 

It shoots photos and video in traditional 2D mode, and stereo imagery in 3D mode, up to 720p widescreen HD video. It also uses the two imagers for dual shooting modes, capturing two variants of the same scene, with different colors, zoom, or sensitivities.

The W3 is an upgrade to the original W1 3D camera, released in September 2009, adding a larger display, higher-res photos and videos, and Mini-HDMI output.

You can preview your shots and review stored photos in 3D directly on the 3.5 inch lenticular LCD display, with no glasses required. The camera stores 3D images in MPO (dual JPEG) format files, and 3D video in 3D-AVI.

 

  • 3D Digital Camera - 3D and dual 2D shooting modes
    • Capture high-resolution images in 2D and 3D
    • Record HD 3D movies (720p resolution)
  • Two 10-megapixel CCD sensors
    • Fujinon 3x optical zoom lens
  • 3.5-inch widescreen Autostereoscopic 3D LCD
    • Displays in 3D, no glasses required
  • 3D parallax adjustment control
  • 2D Dual Shooting modes
    • Take two shots at same time of same scene
    • with different colors, zoom lengths, sensitivities
  • Mini-HDMI 1.4 jack to display on compatible 3D HDTV
  • SD/SDHC memory card slot
  • Durable stainless steel, precisely balanced optical axis
  • 4.9 x 2.6 x 1.1 in. (124x65x27mm), 8.5 oz (250g) w/ battery
  • 8/10 - $499
  • Lenticular 3D display - sheet - microscopic concave lenses produce binocular disparity
    • Rows of convex lenses create binocular parallax effect with less cross-talk and flicker
  • Still images: Simultaneously record both MPO format (3D) and JPEG (2D)
    • Multi-Picture (MP) format standardized by CIPA, uses JPEG
    • 4:3, 3:2, 16:9 max 3584x2016, 72 dpi, 24 bit
  • Videos: 3D-AVI - AVI multimedia container format
    • Video max 1280x720, 16:9, 24 fps, ~49 mbps; Audio PCM 16-bit 1500 kbps
  • Prints via Fujifilm SeeHere.com photo printing, gifting, and sharing website
    • 3D prints with lenticular technology, $6.99 for 5x7 in. print
  • MyFinePix Studio software for Windows

    Find the Fujifilm FinePix Real 3D W3 on Amazon.com

Top


Sony 3D Sweep Panoramas

Sony offers an interesting 3D Sweep Panorama feature for digital still cameras, which automatically stitches together frames in one sweeping motion.

It's available as a firmware upgrade to the Sony NEX interchangeable lens cameras, and in the Sony DSC-WX5 and DSC-TX9 CyberShot digital cameras for around $299 and $399 respectively.

Sony 3D Sweep Panoramas

    Find the Sony DSC-WX5 and DSC-TX9 on Amazon.com

Top

Panasonic Interchangeable 3D Lens (9/10)

Panasonic also has introduced interchangeable lenses for its Mirror-Free DSL Micro Cameras. Instead of requiring a separate 3D camera, this includes two lenses within the screw-in lens mount as an adapter to convert a standard camera into a stereo imager.

  • 3D LUMIX G 12.5mm / F12 (H-FT012)
  • 3D Internal Twin Lens System Lens
  • Two optical systems within diameter of lens mount
    • Creates stereo images from left and right lenses
    • To be processed with 3D image processing system
  • Internal twin fixed lenses and diaphragms (F12)
  • Micro Four Thirds mount
  • Works with Panasonic DMC-GH2S, DMC-GH2K
       Mirror-Free DSL Micro Cameras
  • 9/10 - $249

    Find the Panasonic 3D LUMIX Lens on Amazon.com

Top


Panasonic HDC-SDT750K - 3D Camcorder

The Fujifilm FinePix Real 3D W3 can shoot 3D videos, but the lens adapter approach can be used to adapt a 2D camcorder to 3D. For example, the Panasonic HDC-SDT750 is a 3MOS camcorder with a 3D conversion lens that simultaneously records right- and left-eye images in side-by-side format. It's due in October for $1399.

 

 

 

 

  • 3D Camcorder - Attach 3D conversion lens to shoot in 3D
    • Two lenses simultaneously record left and right images
    • Recorded side-by-side in frame, each at 960 x 1080
  • 3.0 in. touch-screen LCD
  • 3MOS sensors (2.53 MP x 3)
    • Individual sensors for the three primary colors
  • Leica Dicomar lens, 35 mm wide-angle
    • F1.5 - F2.8 with 46mm filter diameter
  • 2D movies up to Full-HD 1080p/60p (1,920 x 1,080 progressive)
  • 12x optical zoom, up to 18x intelligent zoom
  • Intelligent Auto with Hybrid O.I.S
  • Time Lapse / interval recording
  • 5.1-channel audio recording sound system, uses 5 mics
  • Available 10/10 - $1,399.95
  • Play 3D videos on 3D-capable televisions, such as Panasonic VIERA Full HD 3D televisions, using HDMI cable
  • Play 3D images on SD cards using AVCHD compatible player, such as a Panasonic 3D Blu-ray Disc player
  • Includes HD Writer AE 2.6T PC editing software: Edit recorded 3D images, burn Blu-ray/DVD discs

    Find the Panasonic HDC-SDT750K on Amazon.com

Top


Professional 3D Production Equipment

3D production gear also is becoming available for higher-end professional use.

Sony 3D Production Systems

For example, Sony is offering end-to-end 3D production systems based on professional cameras (with dual-camera rigs), recorders, processors, and monitors.

Panasonic AG-3DA1 Professional Full HD 3D Camcorder

And the Panasonic AG-3DA1 is the first professional fully-integrated Full HD 3D camcorder, for around $21,000. Related gear includes the BT-3DL2550 3D LCD monitor for field use, and the AG-HMX100, a professional HD digital AV mixer for live 3D event production.

Panasonic AG-3DA1

Top


Professional 3D Editing


Professional editing tools are starting to support 3D editing, both directly and though third-party plug-ins. These already have deep support for multi-track and multi-view editing (for example, when merging shots from multiple cameras at an event), and they tend to have architectures that support extension through add-ins, especially for importing and editing new camera and video data formats


CineForm Neo3D

Today's professional video editing tools already are flexible enough to work with matched pairs of images, especially with the support of third-party add-ins. CineForm NeoHD and Neo3D enable 3D workflows for Adobe, Apple, Avid, and Sony tools on Windows and Macintosh, for around $499 and $2995 respectively.

These provide features including stereo convergence and adjustment, 3D display in a variety of formats (anaglyph, frame side-by-side, over-under, line-interleave, and NVIDIA 3D), plus 3D overlays for titles and graphics.

Top


Simple 3D Editing - Sony Vegas

You actually can do simple 3D editing without any special support, as described in an earlier Sony whitepaper on Editing 3D in Sony Vegas 9. This shows to edit can edit 3D footage as a grouped pair of tracks with blended anaglyphic color filters.

Top


Sony Vegas 10 - 3D Workflow

Sony Vegas 10, released in October 2010, has a well-known legacy as a 32- and 64-bit professional video editor with deep audio support. This new release features full native stereoscopic 3D workflow, to import, adjust, edit, preview and export in 3D without requiring any additional tools or plug-ins. The idea is that working in 3D is as seamless as working in 2D.

  • Sony Vegas Pro 10, released October 2010
  • Nonlinear HD video and audio editing (NLE) application
    • Professional HD video, audio, and Blu-ray Disc creation
    • Professional 32- and 64-bit workflow, precise editing tools,
      unparalleled audio support, broad format support
  • Download $599, packaged $699 - $679, street $530

    Find Sony Vegas Pro 10 on Amazon.com

Stereoscopic 3D Editing in Sony Vegas Pro 10

  • Native import, adjust, edit, preview and export stereoscopic 3D projects
  • Compatible with latest 3D screen technology, plus anaglyphic viewing to preview 3D on any monitor
  • 3D adjustments - horizontal and vertical offsets, zoom discrepancies, keystone, rotation
  • 3D motion effects - precise control over Z-depth, plane intersection, compositing
  • Place 2D elements in 3D depth
  • Auto correct; Integrated CineForm Neo3D support
  • 3D editing in Vegas Pro 10 - http://www.sonycreativesoftware.com/vegaspro/3dediting


   3D editing in Vegas Pro 10 timeline, with anaglyph preview

Top


Adobe Premiere Pro CS5

For more detail, Dave Helmly of Adobe has posted extensive notes on 3D Stereoscopic editing in Adobe Premiere Pro CS5, with a 60 minute video tour of the complete 3D workflow. He shows how to build a stereo rig with two matching cameras, and then import, edit, and export 3D using the 64-bit CineForm plug-ins. The video also covers various ways to view your 3D productions, including directly to consumer 3D TV displays and authoring to Blu-ray Disc.


  • Adobe Premiere Pro CS5, released May 2010, $799
        Intel Mac 64-bit and Windows 7 / Vista 64-bit only
  • CS5 Production Premium suite $1699
        with After Effects, Soundbooth, Photoshop Extended, Illustrator,
            Flash Pro, Flash Catalyst, Flash Builder
        plus Bridge, Device Central, Dynamic Link
  • Optimized 64-bit only
  • NVIDIA GPU-accelerated Adobe Mercury Playback Engine
    • Real-time HD editing, playback without rendering

Find Adobe Premiere Pro CS5,
Adobe CS5 Production Premium, and
Adobe CS5 Master Collection on Amazon.com

NVIDIA 3D Vision

The editing setup that Helmly recommends uses the NVIDIA 3D Vision system (see above) with 3D graphics and a compatible NVIDIA GeForce or Quadro graphics card. You then can use a 3D monitor as your primary editing display, plus an optional consumer 3D TV as a secondary output.

Top


Personal 3D Creation Software


Yes, 3D is coming, However, this will be a gradual process of getting 3D into consumer households, limited by factors including the need for new displays, the dorky glasses, incompatible technologies and products, and competitive approaches to retrofitting 3D into existing delivery paths including broadcast digital television and cable systems.

So while 3D won't be a big part of video production in the near term, it can be interesting to experiment with, especially to think about new rules for framing, shooting, cutting, and editing with the added dimension.

The good news is that you can find relatively inexpensive approaches for shooting, editing, and even displaying 3D based on your existing gear, by using red/blue anaglyph glasses. And you can think about experimenting with presenting 3D productions to small groups though Blu-ray to a consumer 3D TV, or on a PC display using inexpensive polarized 3D glasses.

You can get started with free and low-cost consumer 3D software to view, edit, enhance, and convert your own 3D material.

Top


Free 3D Tools

You can get started working with 3D using free software downloads, including some tools from hardware manufacturers.


Fujifilm MyFinePix Studio (MFPS)

Fujifilm offers its MyFinePix Studio software for working with the 3D photos and videos shot with the Fujifilm FinePix Real 3D W3 digital camera (see above). In particular, you can split the combined left and right frames into two separate files.

  • Free download - Simple 3D photo and video editing
  • Browse photos; organize in albums, tag, search
  • View photos - 2D, 3D vertical (interlaced), 3D horizontal [not anaglyph]
  • Join, trim 3D movies
  • Combine two 2D images into 3D (MPO file)
  • Divide a 3D still image (MPO file) to two JPEG images.
  • Divide a 3D movie to two 2D movies
  • Upload to YouTube and Facebook

Stereo Maker - Free 3D Applications

The Stereo Maker site offers an impressive collection of free 3D applications for viewing and editing stereo photos and videos. These support an extensive range of 3D file formats, and 3D display formats for viewing your 3D material.

In particular, StereoPhoto Maker offers auto alignment and color correction in addition to manual enhancement tools. And these are also available in batch mode to process, auto align, auto correct, and convert entire folders of files.

StereoPhoto Maker - 3D image editor and viewer

  • Extensive input / output 3D image format support
  • Extensive display format support, NVIDIA 3D Vision Ready
  • Extensive image correction and enhancement
  • Add stereo text, logos, border
  • Auto 3D alignment, cropping, color
  • Batch auto cropping, enhancement, alignment, conversion / split
  • Print multiple images, stereo cards
  • Create slideshow, animated GIFs, HTML
  • StereoPhoto Maker - http:// www.stereomaker.net/eng/stphmkr/
  • Help - http://www.stereomaker.net/eng/stphmkr/help/


  StereoPhoto Maker - Batch Multi Conversion dialog options

StereoMovie Player - 3D video player

  • Plays video file types supported by Windows Media Player (DirectShow)
    • MPEG, AVI, WMV
  • Supports stereo formats including side-by-side, above/below, interlaced
  • View stereo movies: free-viewed side-by-side (parallel or cross-eyed),
    • monochrome or color anaglyph color/monochrome,
    • vertically-interlaced (Sharp 3D LCD), horizontally-interlaced or page-flipped (shutter glasses)
  • StereoMovie Player - http://www.stereomaker.net/eng/stvply/
  • Help - http://www.stereomaker.net/eng/stvply/help/

Top


Roxio Creator 2011

Roxio Creator 2011, released in August starting at $99, provides a full digital media suite for capturing, editing, creating, and sharing personal 3D photos and videos. The big new addition for 2011 is support for creating 3D productions -- you capture from stereoscopic cameras, import and export 3D videos and photo creations in a wide range of 3D file formats, perform storyboard and timeline editing of 3D material, view then on your computer and online,as well as author 3D-enabled DVDs and Blu-ray Discs.

Creator also solves the chicken-and-egg problem of getting content for new technology formats by allowing you to get started without requiring any new hardware displays or cameras -- you can convert existing 2D photos and videos to 3D to add dimension to your existing flat content, and even view 2D videos in 3D in real time, and then view 3D on standard displays with red/blue anaglyph glasses.

And to view 3D video, CinePlayer not only plays 3D videos, but it also converts 2D standard-def video to 3D -- in real time. It supports a variety of display formats, including active shutter, line polarized, and anaglyph. You even can adjust the 3D format during playback, including the 3D depth and position.

 


Find Roxio Creator 2011
and Creator 2011 Pro on Amazon.com

Roxio Creator 2011 - Create 3D Photos application

The Create 3D Photos application, new in Roxio Creator 2011, is designed to import, adjust, and save 3D images in a wide variety of formats. You can create 3D photos from two 3D photos, or convert

  • Produce 3D photos, including from 2D photos
  • Import 3D MPO files from Fujifilm FinePix REAL 3D W1
    • Import pair of digital photos shot with left and right views
    • Import any 2D digital picture to convert to 3D
  • Adjust alignment: shift in all four directions, rotate (preview in grayscale)
  • Export 3D image
    • Anaglyph 3D red/cyan - JPEG, Bitmap, PNG
    • Side-by-Side (for NVIDIA 3D Vision), Top/Bottom - JPEG


  Create 3D Photos - Preview and adjust 3D image (Roxio)

Roxio Creator 2011 - VideoWave 3D Video Editing

To work with 3D video, both VideoWave and MyDVD can import video in a variety of 3D formats, as well as convert 2D video to 3D -- to preview, edit, enhance, and author in 3D. However, not all editing options are available in 3D, including stabilization and rotation effects. With MyDVD, you can author 3D DVDs in anaglyph or RealD format, albeit without menus (but with chapters). You even can author 3D in high definition, and burn in HD AVCHD format to a standard DVD, which will play in HD on Blu-ray players. Or upload to YouTube to view online in 3D.

  • Edit 3D Videos, including from 2D Photos & Videos
    • Edit normal 4:3 or widescreen 16:9 aspect ratio
  • Import 3D video from 3D camcorders
    • Anaglyph (red/cyan), Fuji 3D file, RealD file
    • Side-by-side / top-bottom / half-width / half-height (L/R, R/L)
  • Convert 2D video files into 3D - standard and high definition
    • Converts into side-by-side 3D using image and motion detection
  • Convert 2D image files into 3D
    • Anaglyph (red/cyan), Fuji 3D file
    • Side-by-side / top-bottom (L/R, R/L)
  • Preview in Anaglyph (red/cyan), Left or right eye only
    • Hardware 3D display: Polarized LCD, DLP
  • Output to DVD (no menus): Standard-def for traditional DVD players
    • High definition AVCHD Disc (HD content playable on Blu-ray players)
    • Anaglyph (view on standard displays) or RealD
  • Share to YouTube: Upload with movie information
  • Save as PC file: NTSC or PAL, (formats as import)
    • MPEG for DVD, Windows Media, AVC (H.264)
    • E-mail, Slideshow, PhotoShow


  Editing 3D video in VideoWave - Anaglyph view (Roxio)

Top


3D Shooting Tips


3D Shooting Tips for Photos and Video

Shooting in 3D does require different approaches to positing subjects and framing the scene. The idea is to take advantage of the 3D depth, but without over-doing the effect.

  • Keep a Minimum Shooting Distance
    • Position the main subject at least 2 1/2 - 3 yards away from the camera, so it is well in view of both cameras.
  • Position Subjects in Perspective
    • Position the camera to capture the subject with interesting 3D perspective, whether shooting people or buildings.
    • Don't just shoot straight on, but at horizontal and vertical angles.
  • Don't Cut Off Close Objects
    • Don't cut off close objects (especially the main subject) so they cross over the frame
    • This weakens the 3D effect, or causes an abrupt 3D experience from crossing the screen borders.
  • Compose Scenes with Layers of Depth
    • For a more compelling sense of 3D, plan the scene with multiple layers of perspective and depth in the picture.
    • Compose with depth cues, from the close main subject (people in the foreground), to buildings in the background, to more distant buildings or trees or mountains.
  • Keep the Entire Scene in Focus
    • Keep both the subject and background in focus for the full 3D effect.
    • Don't blur the background.
  • Choose Bright, Colorful Scenes
    • Shoot scenes with plenty of light, on bright days with good contrast range.
    • 3D isn't really the right effect for low-light shooting.
    • Strong color helps enhance the 3D effect, as does well-illuminated scenes.
    • Avoid red/cyan for anaglyph viewing - favoring grays and blues over reds and oranges,

3D Shooting Tips for Motion Video

For shooting video, the camera should be more of an observer in the scene than an active participant moving though the environment.

  • Shoot 3D to represent reality from point of view, not for cinematic conventions
    • Avoid fast cuts, zooming, cutting between speakers
    • Your view doesn't cut and switch in real life
  • Move Closer to Event
    • Move in to scene / action for 3D viewpoint
    • Avoid flat views from high overhead of sports field, back of theater for event
  • Shoot Video with Relatively Slow Motion
    • Shoot scenes with relatively slow motion, as high motion weakens the value of the 3D effect.
    • Use a tripod to stabilize the camera, and then pan slowly for a strong sense of depth.
  • Simplify Video Effects
    • Avoid effects that blur edges, like blurring or film grain, or distort the content, like ripple
      • These may lessen the perception of depth in the 3D video.
    • Avoid color adjustments and color correction, especially for anaglyph format
    • Use simple wipes, fancy animated wipes and dissolves do not work well with 3D.
    • Pay attention to matching 3D depth when applying wipes in order to avoid disconcerting discontinuities.
    • Avoid fast cuts, as the 3D effect needs longer shot times to be appreciated.

References:

Top


Sample 3D Materials


Sample 3D materials -- 3D image files and video files -- that you can download and experiment with.

Top